AskDefine | Define cereal

Dictionary Definition

cereal adj : made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it; "a cereal beverage"; "cereal grasses"

Noun

1 grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet [syn: cereal grass]
2 foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses [syn: grain, food grain]
3 a breakfast food prepared from grain

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Pronunciation

  • /sɪəɹiːəɫ/

Homophones

Noun

cereal (countable and uncountable; plural cereals)
  1. A type of grass (such as wheat, rice or oats) cultivated for its edible grains.
  2. The grains of such a grass.
  3. Breakfast cereal; (countable) a particular type of breakfast cereal.
    (uncountable): Would you like some cereal?
    (countable): Which cereal would you like for breakfast?

Translations

type of grass
grains of such a grass
breakfast cereal See breakfast cereal
Translations to be checked

External links

Extensive Definition

Cereal crops or grains are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible grains or fruitseeds (i.e., botanically a type of fruit called a caryopsis). Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities and provide more energy worldwide than any other type of crop; they are therefore staple crops. They are also a rich source of carbohydrate. In some developing nations, grain in the form of rice or corn, constitutes practically the entire diet of poor people.. In developed nations, cereal consumption is both more moderate and varied but still substantial.
The word 'cereal' derives from 'Ceres', the name of the pre-Roman goddess of harvest and agriculture. Grains are traditionally called corn in the United Kingdom and Ireland, though that word became specified for maize in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia.

Production

The following table shows annual production of cereal grains, in 1961, 2005 and 2006, ranked by 2006 production. All but buckwheat and quinoa are true grasses (these two are pseudocereals).
Maize, wheat and rice, between them, accounted for 87% of all grain production, worldwide, and 43% of all food calories in 2003. world oil prices at nearly $100 a barrel, global population growth, climate change, loss of agricultural land to residential and industrial development,, growing consumer demand in China and India and feeding 635 million tons per year to livestock as fodder have pushed up the price of grain. Food riots have recently taken place in many countries across the world.
Water deficits, causing decrease in grain production, is one cause of grain independence. It already spurs heavy grain imports in numerous smaller countries, may soon do the same in larger countries, such as China or India. The water tables are falling in scores of countries (including Northern China, the US, and India) due to widespread overpumping using powerful diesel and electric pumps. Other countries affected include Pakistan, Iran, and Mexico. This will eventually lead to water scarcity and cutbacks in grain harvest. Even with the overpumping of its aquifers, China is developing a grain deficit. When this happens, it will almost certainly drive grain prices upward. Most of the 3 billion people projected to be added worldwide by mid-century will be born in countries already experiencing water shortages. One suggested solution is for population growth to be slowed quickly by investing heavily in female literacy and family planning services. Desalination is also considered a viable and effective solution to the problem of water shortages.
After China and India, there is a second tier of smaller countries with large water deficits — Algeria, Egypt, Iran, Mexico, and Pakistan. Four of these already import a large share of their grain. Only Pakistan remains self-sufficient. But with a population expanding by 4 million a year, it will also likely soon turn to the world market for grain.

Notes

External links

cereal in Afrikaans: Graan
cereal in Aragonese: Zerial
cereal in Catalan: Cereal
cereal in Danish: Korn
cereal in German: Getreide
cereal in Spanish: Cereal
cereal in Esperanto: Cerealo
cereal in Persian: غلات
cereal in French: Céréale
cereal in Indonesian: Serealia
cereal in Icelandic: Korn
cereal in Italian: Cereali
cereal in Hebrew: דגנים
cereal in Swahili (macrolanguage): nafaka
cereal in Latin: Frumentum
cereal in Lithuanian: Javai
cereal in Lojban: gurni
cereal in Macedonian: Жито
cereal in Malay (macrolanguage): Bijirin
cereal in Dutch: Graan
cereal in Japanese: 穀物
cereal in Norwegian: Korn
cereal in Polish: Zboża
cereal in Portuguese: Cereal
cereal in Quechua: Riwi
cereal in Russian: Хлебные зерновые культуры
cereal in Simple English: Grain
cereal in Slovak: Obilie
cereal in Slovenian: Žito
cereal in Serbian: Житарице
cereal in Finnish: Vilja
cereal in Swedish: Spannmål
cereal in Tamil: தானியங்கள்
cereal in Thai: ธัญพืช
cereal in Ukrainian: Крупа
cereal in Samogitian: Javā
cereal in Chinese: 粮食

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

aftergrass, bamboo, botanic, breakfast food, bulbous, cane, cereal plant, corn, cornflakes, dry cereal, farina, farinaceous, farinaceous plant, fog, forage grass, fruitlike, fruity, frumenty, grain, graminaceous plant, grass, grits, gruel, hasty pudding, herbaceous, herbal, herbose, herbous, herby, hominy grits, hot cereal, kasha, lawn grass, leguminose, leguminous, loblolly, millet, mush, oatmeal, ornamental grass, plantlike, porridge, puffed rice, puffed wheat, radicated, radiciform, radicular, reed, rhizoid, rolled oats, rootlike, tuberous, vegetable, vegetal, vegetarian, vegetational, vegetative, weedy, wheatflakes
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1